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Press Statement No.5-2024_ SUHAKAM Act Amendment Passed at the Senate Level

PRESS STATEMENT

KUALA LUMPUR (3 APRIL 2024) –The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Amendment Bill 2023 (SUHAKAM Bill 2023) was passed in the Senate (Dewan Negara) on 2 April 2024. This Bill aims to enhance the Commission’s function and independence in promoting and protecting human rights in Malaysia.

The amendments to the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act 1999 [Act 597] would strengthen SUHAKAM’s capacity to investigate and report on human rights abuses and this would align with Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16) which focuses on peace, justice, and strong institutions. The presence of a full functioning Paris Principles-compliant National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) is an indicator of progress towards the realisation of the SDGs (SDG 16.1a). As an independent state body with a constitutional mandate to protect and promote human rights, SUHAKAM contributes significantly to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.

The passing of the Bill will enable SUHAKAM to better function as an independent oversight body, monitoring Malaysia’s human rights situation in line with international standards. Enhancing SUHAKAM’s role and functions in upholding and advancing human rights in Malaysia will contribute to the development of a just and equitable society.

SUHAKAM would like to express our utmost appreciation to Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Law and Institutional Reform) YB Datuk Seri Azalina Binti Othman Said for her efforts in strengthening SUHAKAM’s role through institutional reform. We would also like to thank her deputy, YB Tuan M. Kulasegaran A/L V. Murugeson for presenting the SUHAKAM Bill 2023. SUHAKAM acknowledges the issues presented and debated by the 11 Senators and appreciates the support given to amending the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act 1999 [Act 597].

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

3 April 2024

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Pindaan Akta SUHAKAM Diluluskan di Dewan Negara

KENYATAAN MEDIA

KUALA LUMPUR (3 APRIL 2024) Rang undang-undang Pindaan Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia 2023 (RUU SUHAKAM 2023) telah diluluskan di Dewan Negara pada 2 April 2024. Rang undang-undang ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan fungsi dan kebebasan Suruhanjaya dalam mempromosikan dan melindungi hak asasi manusia di Malaysia.

Pindaan kepada Akta Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia 1999 [Akta 597] akan mengukuhkan kapasiti SUHAKAM untuk menyiasat dan melaporkan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia , sejajar dengan Matlamat Pembangunan Mampan 16 (SDG 16) yang memberi tumpuan kepada keamanan, keadilan, dan institusi yang kukuh. Kewujudan Institusi Hak Asasi Manusia Kebangsaan (NHRI) berfungsi sepenuhnya dan mematuhi Prinsip-prinsip Paris merupakan tanda aras kemajuan ke arah merealisasikan SDG (SDG 16.1 a). Sebagai sebuah badan berkanun bebas dengan mandat Perlembagaan untuk melindungi dan mempromosikan hak asasi manusia, SUHAKAM dapat menyumbang secara signifikan kepada pencapaian Agenda 2030.

Pindaan ini adalah penting bagi SUHAKAM untuk berfungsi sebagai badan pengawasan bebas, dan dapat memantau keadaan hak asasi manusia Malaysia, mengikut piawaian antarabangsa. Pengukuhan peranan dan fungsi SUHAKAM dalam menegakkan dan memajukan hak asasi manusia juga akan dapat menyumbang ke arah pembangunan masyarakat yang adil dan saksama di Malaysia.

SUHAKAM ingin mengucapkan setinggi-tinggi penghargaan kepada YB Dato’ Sri Azalina Binti Othman Said, Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Undang-undang dan Reformasi Institusi) atas usaha beliau mengukuhkan peranan SUHAKAM melalui reformasi institusi. Kami juga ingin mengambil peluang untuk mengucapkan terima kasih kepada Timbalan Menteri, YB Tuan M. Kulasegaran A/L V. Murugeson atas pembentangan RUU SUHAKAM 2023 di Dewan Negara pada hari ini. SUHAKAM mengambil maklum mengenai isu-isu yang dibentang dan dibahaskan oleh 11 Senator dan menghargai sokongan yang telah diberikan terhadap pindaan Akta Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia 1999 (Akta 597) ini.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

3 April 2024

25 tahun white BG

𝗣𝗲𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗰𝗮𝗿𝗮𝗻 𝗟𝗼𝗴𝗼 𝗦𝗨𝗛𝗔𝗞𝗔𝗠 𝗕𝗲𝗿𝘀𝗲𝗺𝗽𝗲𝗻𝗮 𝗨𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗴𝘁𝗮𝗵𝘂𝗻 𝗞𝗲-𝟮𝟱

Pada 6 Mac 2024 telah berlangsungnya momen bersejarah pelancaran Logo SUHAKAM bersempena dengan ulangtahun ke-25 penubuhannya di Hotel Sunway Georgetown, Pulau Pinang.

Pelancaran logo SUHAKAM ke-25 tahun itu telah dijayakan oleh barisan Pesuruhjaya yang diketuai oleh Naib Pengerusi Tuan Ragunath Kesavan serta Pesuruhjaya Dato’ Noor Aziah Mohd Awal, Datuk Mariati Robert, Dr. Chew Chee Ming, Datuk Mohamad Nordin Ibrahim, Dr. Farah Nini Dusuki dan YM Tengku Mohamed Fauzi Tengku Abdul Hamid.

Tahniah diucapkan kepada SUHAKAM dan seluruh warga kerjanya di atas ulangtahun ke-25 penubuhannya!

#SUHAKAM25TAHUN
#hakasasiuntuksemua
#humanrightsforall

Template PS 2024(5)

Press Statement No.4-2024_SUHAKAM Objects to Proposed Amendments of Citizenship Provisions

PRESS STATEMENT

KUALA LUMPUR (9 MARCH 2024) – The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) reiterates its concerns and objections to the proposed series of amendments to the citizenship provisions of the Federal Constitution. However, SUHAKAM supports and welcomes the proposal to amend Article 14(1)(b) of the Federal Constitution to recognize gender equality. The response of the Home Affairs Minister, Dato’ Seri Saifuddin Nasution, stating that the National Registration Department (NRD) has been actively clearing the backlog of citizenship applications, is applauded and highly appreciated.

However, SUHAKAM’s major concern lies with the other five proposed amendments which will affect children born out of wedlock to Malaysian men, stateless children adopted by Malaysian parents, and foundlings. Our concerns revolve around the fact that such significant issues of citizenship provisions and rights must be enshrined in the Constitution and not left to the discretion of the Minister.

The major hurdle within the existing provisions is the bureaucracy and unresponsive attitude of the NRD towards applicants. There is already a significant trust deficit in the workings of the bureaucracy, and the thrust of the proposed amendments, which shifts constitutional rights to the discretion of civil servants, is highly unsatisfactory. It is without a doubt that the proposed amendments would exacerbate statelessness among children.

The proposed amendment to Section 19B Part III of the Second Schedule, requiring any person to register foundlings within one year, is regressive for the innocent child as it deprives them of citizenship due to parental or other third-party neglect.

SUHAKAM is appalled that despite strong objections, the Cabinet seems to have agreed to all the proposed amendments. SUHAKAM has repeatedly raised its concerns that these proposals would aggravate the challenges faced by intergenerational justice for stateless individuals in Malaysia. These proposed oppressive and regressive amendments would then create generational issues of statelessness, further burdening the State with individuals who are unable to fend for themselves and contribute to the nation.

In view of the aforementioned issues, SUHAKAM once again urges the Government to seriously adopt a holistic and comprehensive approach in addressing these citizenship issues. A thorough research on the potential impacts of these amendments should be conducted, and the Government must engage a strategic collective engagement of stakeholders, including civil society organizations (CSOs) and experts in children’s rights and statelessness, in an extensive consultation process. It is crucial that each amendment be carefully considered for its unique implications to ensure that the fundamental rights of all individuals, particularly children, are upheld.

Again, SUHAKAM reiterates that the right to a nationality is a fundamental human right, and as a State Party to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Government should ensure that there are no stateless children in the country by taking steps towards the elimination of statelessness.

At the same time, the indigenous populations of Sabah, Sarawak, and the Orang Asal have also expressed their concerns on the matter. Unfortunately, there are still indigenous people in the outskirts of Sabah who are permanent residents due to documentation issues. Subsequent to the proposed amendments, children from these couples will no longer be citizens by operation of law. CSOs from Sabah have frequently expressed such concerns, but still, no action has been taken to resolve the matter.

SUHAKAM stand is clear, and we must stop blaming the children’s history and instead make efforts to overcome statelessness while prioritizing the child’s best interests. After all, all children are innocent.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)
9 March 2024

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SUHAKAM Membantah Pindaan Kewarganegaraan

KENYATAAN MEDIA

KUALA LUMPUR (9 MAC 2024) SUHAKAM tetap berpendirian tegas menyuarakan kebimbangan dan bantahan terhadap cadangan pindaan beberapa peruntukan mengenai kewarganegaraan dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Namun begitu, SUHAKAM menyokong dan mengalu-alukan cadangan untuk meminda Perkara 14(1)(b) Perlembagaan Persekutuan bagi mengiktiraf kesaksamaan gender. Kenyataan dari Menteri Dalam Negeri, Dato’ Seri Saifuddin Nasution bahawa Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara (JPN) sedang menyelesaikan tunggakan permohonan kewargengraan secara aktif juga wajar diberi pujian.

Kebimbangan utama SUHAKAM adalah kepada lima cadangan pindaan lain yang akan menjejaskan anak-anak yang dilahirkan di luar perkahwinan bersama lelaki warganegara Malaysia, anak tanpa kewarganegaraan yang diambil sebagai anak angkat oleh pasangan warganegara Malaysia dan, kanak-kanak yang ditemui tanpa keluarga. Ini berkisar kepada isu penting seperti peruntukan hak kewarganegaraan yang seharusnya termaktub dalam Perlembagaan dan tidak sepatutnya diserahkan kepada budi bicara Menteri.

Halangan utama dalam peruntukan sedia ada adalah birokrasi dan sikap tidak responsif JPN terhadap pemohon. Wujud rasa tidak percaya yang ketara dalam kerja-kerja birokrasi, malah,  inti cadangan pindaan yang memindahkan hak-hak perlembagaan kepada budi bicara pegawai awam, adalah sangat tidak munasabah. Amat ketara bahawa pindaan yang dicadangkan akan memburukkan lagi situasi tanpa kewarganegaraan melibatkan kanak-kanak.

Cadangan pindaan kepada Seksyen 19B Bahagian III Jadual Kedua, yang memerlukan mana-mana orang untuk mendaftarkan anak-anak yang ditemui dalam tempoh satu tahun, adalah langkah regresif untuk kanak-kanak yang tidak bersalah kerana ia menafikan hak kewarganegaraan mereka akibat pengabaian ibu bapa atau pihak ketiga yang lain.

SUHAKAM amat kecewa dengan jemaah kabinet yang telah bersetuju dengan semua pindaan yang dicadangkan meskipun terdapat bantahan secara besar-besaran terhadap perkara ini. SUHAKAM telah berulang kali mengutarakan kebimbangan bahawa cadangan ini akan memburukkan lagi cabaran yang dihadapi oleh individu tanpa kewarganegaraan di Malaysia. Cadangan pindaan yang menindas dan regresif ini akan terus mewujudkan isu-isu generasi tanpa kewarganegaraan yang tidak akan berkesudahan dan ia semakin membebankan negara kerana golongan ini tidak dapat berdikari dan menyumbang kepada negara.

Mengambil kira isu-isu yang dinyatakan, SUHAKAM sekali lagi menggesa kerajaan untuk mengambil tindakan yang tegas dengan mengambil pendekatan yang holistik dan menyeluruh bagi menangani isu-isu kewarganegaraan ini. Penyelidikan menyeluruh tentang kesan pindaan ini perlu dijalankan dan penglibatan kolektif strategik pihak berkepentingan, termasuk organisasi masyarakat sivil (CSO) dan pakar dalam hak kanak-kanak dan tanpa kewarganegaraan perlu dilaksanakan dalam proses perundingan yang lebih meluas. Adalah penting agar setiap pindaan dipertimbangkan dengan teliti mengambil kira implikasinya yang unik untuk memastikan hak asas semua individu, terutamanya kanak-kanak dapat dipertahankan.

Sekali lagi SUHAKAM ingin menegaskan bahawa hak untuk kewarganegaraan adalah hak asasi manusia, dan sebagai Negara Pihak kepada Konvensyen Tentang Hak Kanak-Kanak Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (CRC), Kerajaan harus memastikan bahawa tiada kanak-kanak tanpa kewarganegaraan di negara ini dengan mengambil langkah ke arah penghapusan tanpa kewarganegaraan.

Dalam masa yang sama, masyarakat dari Sabah, Sarawak dan orang Asal juga telah menyatakan kebimbangan mereka tentang perkara ini. Antara perkara yang amat dikesali adalah Orang Asal di pinggir negeri Sabah hanya dapat menjadi penduduk tetap kerana masalah dokumentasi. Cadangan pindaan ini akan mengakibatkan kanak-kanak dari pasangan ini tidak dapat menjadi warganegara melalui kuatkuasa undang-undang. CSO dari Sabah sering menyuarakan kebimbangan mereka namun  tiada tindakan diambil untuk menyelesaikan perkara ini.

Pendirian SUHAKAM adalah jelas dan kita harus berhenti menyalahkan sejarah kanak-kanak ini sebaliknya harus berusaha untuk mengatasi tanpa kewarganegaraan dengan mengutamakan kepentingan terbaik kanak-kanak kerana mereka tidak berdosa

.-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)
9 Mac 2024

Template PS 2024 (1)

Press Statement No.3-2024_Embracing Democracy and Human Rights-Supporting Indonesian General Election in Malaysia

PRESS STATEMENT

KUALA LUMPUR (7 FEBRUARY 2024) — SUHAKAM acknowledges and commends the Indonesian Embassy’s initiative in organizing the voting process for the Indonesian General Elections 2024 (PEMILU) in Malaysia. The establishment of multiple voting centers across Malaysia on 12th February 2024, highlights the strong democratic values shared by both nations.

The historical relationship between Malaysia and Indonesia is deeply rooted in mutual support and cooperation, especially in preserving democratic processes. This collaboration is a vital component of not only our bilateral ties but also the broader ASEAN community, committed to fostering a culture of dialogue and respect for human rights. ASEAN’s dedication to human rights, as enshrined in the ASEAN Charter and the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, corresponds closely with the principles outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Supporting democratic processes, such as the forthcoming Indonesian election in Malaysia, serves as a tangible expression of these shared values.

It is pertinent to emphasize the right to vote as a fundamental human right, integral to democratic governance, civic participation, and regional stability. Although Malaysia is not a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the core principles within it resonates with our own dedication to human rights and democracy. Article 25 of the ICCPR explicitly states that every citizen has the right to engage in the conduct of public affairs, directly or through freely chosen representatives, and to vote and be elected at genuine periodic elections. This underscores the universality of the voting right, transcending national boundaries and political affiliations.

Therefore, to ensure a conducive environment for the Indonesian electoral process in Malaysia SUHAKAM calls upon Malaysian authorities to provide in assistance to smoothen the voting process, ought to mirror the noble principles under the ASEAN Charter, ASEAN Human Rights Declaration as encapsulated in the UDHR, which are symbiotically reflected in PEMILU’s model on multiple voting centres proposed to be implemented locally via-a-vis the Indonesian General Election 2024. By providing a free, fair, and unhindered election, we demonstrate our shared values and commitment to human rights and democracy and showcase regional solidarity and support for our Indonesian neighbours.

SUHAKAM also encourages all Malaysians to display their support and understanding during this crucial event, further extending the spirit of goodwill and unity in the ASEAN community. SUHAKAM extends our best wishes to all Indonesian voters in Malaysia. The participation significantly contributes to the democratization of the region and reflects both country’s mutual commitment to upholding human rights and democratic principles.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

7 February 2024

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Mendukung Demokrasi dan Hak Asasi Manusia-Menyokong Pilihan Raya Umum Indonesia di Malaysia

KENYATAAN MEDIA

KUALA LUMPUR (7 FEBRUARI 2024) SUHAKAM memuji inisiatif Kedutaan Besar Indonesia dalam pengurusan proses pengundian Pemilihan Umum Indonesia 2024 (PEMILU) di Malaysia. Penubuhan pusat-pusat pengundian di seluruh Malaysia pada 12 Februari 2024 mencerminkan nilai-nilai demokrasi yang kukuh antara kedua-dua negara.

Hubungan baik antara Malaysia dan Indonesia berakar umbi daripada sokongan dan kerjasama, terutamanya dalam pemeliharaan proses demokrasi. Kerjasama ini adalah komponen penting bukan sahaja dalam hubungan bilateral tetapi juga sebagai sebahagian daripada komuniti ASEAN yang komited dalam pengukuhan budaya dan penghormatan hak asasi manusia. Iltizam ASEAN terhadap hak asasi manusia, sebagaimana termaktub dalam Piagam ASEAN dan Pengisytiharan Hak Asasi Manusia ASEAN adalah selaras dengan prinsip-prinsip yang termaktub dalam Deklarasi Hak Asasi Manusia Sejagat (UDHR). Sokongan terhadap proses demokrasi pilihanraya Indonesia yang akan dijalankan di Malaysia ini jelas menggambarkan nilai yang dikongsi bersama.

Adalah penting untuk menekankan bahawa hak mengundi adalah hak asas yang penting untuk tadbir urus demokrasi, penyertaan sivik, dan kestabilan serantau. Meskipun Malaysia tidak menandatangani Kovenan Antarabangsa Hak Sivil dan Politik (ICCPR), prinsip teras Kovenan ini jelas terpamer dalam dedikasi Malaysia terhadap hak asasi manusia dan demokrasi. Artikel 25 ICCPR menyatakan bahawa setiap warganegara mempunyai hak untuk mengambil bahagian dalam hal ehwal negara secara langsung atau melalui wakil yang dipilih secara bebas dan berhak untuk mengundi dan dipilih melalui pilihan raya yang sah. Ini membuktikan  bahawa kesejagatan hak mengundi  adalah melangkaui sempadan dan juga pegangan politik.

Justeru, untuk memastikan proses pilihan raya Indonesia yang kondusif di Malaysia, SUHAKAM menyeru pihak berkuasa untuk membantu kelancaran proses pilihan raya tersebut. Ini seharusnya mencerminkan prinsip-prinsip yang terkandung dalam Piagam ASEAN, Deklarasi Hak Asasi Manusia ASEAN sebagaimana yang terangkum dalam Deklarasi Hak Asasi Manusia Sejagat (UDHR) sepertimana yang dicadangkan dalam model PEMILU melalui kepelbagaian pusat pengundian  untuk Pemilihan Umum Indonesia 2024. Dengan pilihan raya yang bebas, adil, dan tanpa halangan, Malaysia menunjukkan nilai dan komitmen terhadap hak asasi manusia, demokrasi serta solidariti melalui sokongan serantau kepada negara jiran.

SUHAKAM menggalakkan rakyat Malaysia untuk memberi sokongan kepada peristiwa penting ini dan memupuk semangat muhibah dan perpaduan dalam Komuniti ASEAN. SUHAKAM mengucapkan selamat mengundi kepada semua pengundi warganegara Indonesia di Malaysia. Penglibatan ini adalah sumbangan yang signifikan kepada proses demokrasi serantau dan mencerminkan komitmen kedua-dua negara dalam menegakkan hak asasi manusia dan prinsip demokrasi.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

7 Februari 2024

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Press Statement No.2-2024_SUHAKAM Urges Government to Positively Assess All Recommendations Received from Malaysia’s 4th UPR

KUALA LUMPUR (26 JANUARY 2024) — SUHAKAM observed Malaysia’s Fourth Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the 45th Session of the UPR Working Group in Geneva, Switzerland on 25 January 2024, and notes the range of human rights issues raised and recommendations received by Malaysia.

During the session, UN Member States recognised and welcomed the legal and institutional reforms implemented by the Government, which includes enhancement of rights protection for women, children and other vulnerable groups and strengthening of legislative reforms through the introduction of additional legal protections. A majority of UN Member States praised Malaysia for its decision to abolish the mandatory death penalty, which came into force on July 4, 2023. In addition, UN Member States also commended the Government’s efforts to empower SUHAKAM as the national human rights institution by providing the institutional strength required to effectively promote and protect human rights in Malaysia.

Among other key recommendations to Malaysia during the review included to abolish in total the death penalty; to increase the minimum legal age of marriage to 18 years old; to enhance the rights, protection and improvement of the well-being of older persons and persons with disabilities; to abolish corporal punishment in schools; to combat issues related to trafficking in persons; to develop a framework to protect refugees, undocumented and stateless persons;  to strengthen the social protection of vulnerable groups especially in rural areas; to ensure the conferment of Malaysian citizenship by Malaysian mothers to children born abroad; to repeal  or review security laws and laws that impede on civil liberties; accede to the remaining core  international human rights treaties and withdrawal of reservations to the treaties that have been  ratified.

Malaysia’s 4th UPR which was facilitated by Argentina, Eritrea and Vietnam who served as the ‘troikas’, witnessed reviews and recommendations from 130 United Nations (UN) Member States. SUHAKAM is of the view that the increased participation rate as compared to 111 UN Member States in Malaysia’s Third UPR in 2018 reflects a greater interest on human rights situation in Malaysia for this cycle.

At the national level, SUHAKAM hosted a hybrid forum in the Faculty of Law, University Malaya with a live streaming and panel session in conjunction with the session held in Geneva.  SUHAKAM moderated the panel discussion which has featured representatives from Pusat KOMAS (KOMAS), the Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement (ABIM), and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) South-East Asia Regional Office. SUHAKAM takes this opportunity to thank all participants for their contributions during the panel session which was aimed to raise awareness on the UPR process and served as a platform to discuss on critical human rights issues.

Having observed three previous cycles of the Malaysia’s UPR, SUHAKAM acknowledges the positive impacts it has made thus far. SUHAKAM calls upon the Government to positively assess the recommendations submitted and fulfil its commitment towards achieving the UPR’s objectives through a whole-of-society approach. SUHAKAM looks forward to the adoption of the outcome report on 31 January 2024, which will serve as a roadmap for Malaysia’s continued progress in upholding human rights and promoting inclusivity.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

26 January 2024

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SUHAKAM Gesa Kerajaan Menilai Secara Positif Semua Cadangan yang Diterima di UPR Keempat Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (26 JANUARI 2024) Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) telah menjadi pemerhati Penilaian Berkala Sejagat (UPR) Malaysia ke-4 pada sesi ke-45 kumpulan kerja UPR di Geneva, Switzerland pada 25 Januari 2024. Pelbagai isu hak asasi manusia telah diketengahkan dan disyorkan kepada Malaysia.

Semasa sesi UPR dijalankan, negara-negara anggota Pertubuhan Bangsa -bangsa Bersatu (PBB) mengiktiraf dan menyambut baik reformasi undang-undang dan institusi yang dilaksanakan oleh kerajaan, termasuk peningkatan perlindungan hak untuk wanita, kanak-kanak dan kumpulan rentan lain termasuk pengukuhan pembaharuan perundangan melalui perlindungan undang-undang tambahan. Majoriti negara anggota PBB memuji usaha Malaysia memansuhkan hukuman mati mandatori, yang telah berkuat kuasa pada 4 Julai 2023. Selain itu, usaha kerajaan memperkasa SUHAKAM sebagai Institusi Hak Asasi Manusia Kebangsaan dengan pengukuhan yang diperlukan untuk mempromosikan dan melindungi hak asasi manusia di Malaysia turut dipuji.

Antara cadangan utama lain adalah termasuk memansuhkan sepenuhnya hukuman mati; meningkatkan umur minimum perkahwinan kepada 18 tahun; meningkatkan hak, perlindungan, dan penambahbaikan kesejahteraan warga emas dan orang kurang upaya,  memansuhkan hukuman rotan di sekolah; memerangi isu pemerdagangan manusia; membangunkan rangka kerja untuk melindungi pelarian, orang tanpa dokumen dan tanpa kewarganegaraan; mengukuhkan perlindungan sosial bagi kumpulan rentan terutama di kawasan luar bandar; memberikan  kewarganegaraan kepada anak-anak yang dilahirkan di luar negara oleh ibu warganegara Malaysia; mengkaji semula baki perjanjian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa utama dan menarik balik reservasi kepada Konvensyen yang telah diratifikasi.

UPR ke-4 Malaysia yang dikendalikan oleh Argentina, Eritrea, dan Vietnam yang berperanan sebagai ‘troika’ telah menyaksikan semakan dan cadangan daripada 130 Negara Anggota PBB. SUHAKAM berpendapat bahawa peningkatan kadar penyertaan berbanding dengan 111 Negara Anggota PBB dalam UPR ke-3 Malaysia pada tahun 2018 menunjukkan bahawa tumpuan diberikan kepada situasi hak asasi manusia di Malaysia pada kali ini.

Di peringkat nasional, SUHAKAM telah mengadakan satu forum hibrid di Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Malaya diikuti dengan penstriman langsung  sesi yang diadakan di Geneva. Forum yang dikendalikan oleh SUHAKAM ini menampilkan wakil dari Pusat KOMAS (KOMAS), Pergerakan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM), dan Pejabat Pesuruhjaya Tinggi Hak Asasi Manusia (OHCHR) Asia Tenggara. Objektif forum ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kesedaran mengenai proses UPR dan merupakan platform untuk membincangkan isu-isu hak asasi manusia yang semakin meruncing. SUHAKAM mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua peserta atas penyertaan mereka dan pandangan yang diberikan semasa sesi tersebut dijalankan.

Sebagai pemerhati kepada 3 kitaran UPR Malaysia yang terdahulu, SUHAKAM mengakui akan impak positif proses penilaian ini. SUHAKAM menyeru Kerajaan untuk mengkaji secara positif kesemua cadangan yang diterima dan memenuhi komitmennya untuk mencapai objektif UPR melalui pendekatan yang menyeluruh kepada masyarakat. SUHAKAM menantikan penerimagunaan laporan hasil pada 31 Januari 2024, yang akan menjadi halatuju Malaysia untuk terus  memajukan hak asasi manusia dan mempromosikan keterangkuman.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

26 Januari 2024

Poster WRITE up

A Year of Paradoxes: Human Rights Triumphs and Challenges in 2023

The year 2023, marking the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was a paradoxical period in human rights history. This pivotal year celebrated the strides made since the Declaration’s inception while also confronting the harsh realities of ongoing human rights crises across the globe.

Global Human Rights Challenges

Despite this milestone, we witnessed grave violations of human rights that shook the global community.  We condemn the attack and taking of hostages and killing of Israeli civilians on 7 October 2023 but the disproportionate attack and killings of more than 20000 civilians and the annihilation of Gaza by the full might of the Israeli army with full support from the United States is genocide.

The role of external powers, especially the United States, in the Gaza conflict has underscores the complex geopolitical dynamics and hypocrisy on international human rights and its universality. The United States unconditional support for Israel with a caveat that “killing of civilians in Gaza should be in a gentle and kinder manner” or “civilian deaths should be minimised” is shocking untenable and so obviously skewered that Palestinian lives matter much less than Israeli ones.

This stance, coupled with the United States’ complicity in providing military aid and support, exposed a harsh truth: even powerful states blatantly condone or escalate human right abuses whenever convenient or suitable for their political purpose.

SUHAKAM continues to fully support and endorse the Government’s initiative in advocating for international action against Israel. SUHAKAM shall rally support from National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) globally, at both regional and international forums, and through any other feasible actions necessary to promote this objective.

This commitment underlines the importance of collaborative efforts and international solidarity in addressing and resolving human rights violations on a global scale.

Human Rights Progress in Malaysia

We welcome the Government’s efforts to address human rights issues domestically, such as significant legislative reforms which includes the repeal, amendment, and enactment of various laws. Notably, the Government abolished the mandatory death penalty, expanded the scope and ambit of Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017, and proceeded to decriminalise suicide.

Additionally, the introduction of an anti-stalking provision under Section 507A of the Penal Code and the emphasis on mental health protection are examples of meaningful progress made in 2023.

The Federal Court has also been proactive through judicial activism in the strengthening of rights pursuant to the Federal Constitution in striking out ruling that Section 498 of the Penal Code which stated that enticing married women was unconstitutional as it violated the principle of equality.

Numerous decisions of the Courts in upholding citizenship rights of children that had long been neglected and ignored by the Government, have now been restored their citizenship as provided for under the Federal Constitution. We urge the Government to steadfastly proceed with institutional reforms especially in respect of citizenship provisions to ensure that our children would not be “punished” under the guise of national security.

The restructuring and separation of the role of the Public Prosecutor is ongoing and reforms to all the major enforcement agencies including the prisons must be carried out to enhance accountability and transparency.

The Government must ensure that there will be strict adherence to the rule of law and proceed to amend or repeal various provisions the Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012 (SOSMA) and The Prevention of Crime Act 1959 (POCA) to ensure that rights of accused persons are protected to the full extent of the law.         

Institutional Reforms and Ambitious Goals

The amendments to SUHAKAM Act were a significant stride towards ensuring that SUHAKAM’s operation will be carried out independently and with integrity. This amendment underscores the Government’s dedication to human rights and reflects a commitment to inclusive and diverse representation such as gender balance and the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the Commission. Through the amendment, SUHAKAM aims to better safeguard and promote human rights within Malaysia, ensuring that all societal groups are adequately represented, and their rights are duly protected. Furthermore, the Bill also aims to strengthen the Children Commissioner’s role by institutionalizing and expanding the Office of Children’s Commissioner (OCC) within SUHAKAM.

As a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) in Malaysia, it is important to maintaining a team of Commissioners who are not only knowledgeable but also deeply committed their work towards the protection and promotion of the rights of marginalised communities and vulnerable groups such as children, women, and persons with disabilities.

The Road Ahead for SUHAKAM

Looking ahead to 2024, SUHAKAM continues to focus on laying the groundwork for Malaysia’s accession to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICCPED), the United Nations Convention Against Torture (UNCAT), and the 1951 Refugee Convention. Our goal for 2024 includes intensifying our efforts to address poverty among teenage girls and preparing white papers on climate change, prison reform, and refugees. We acknowledge the importance of community engagement in highlighting human rights awareness, and hence we will continue our work with communities and monitoring of all detention places.

At the international level, SUHAKAM, in collaboration with fellow Southeast Asian National Human Rights Institutions, will move forward with initiative to establish a public inquiry panel which has been designed to tackle cross-border human rights challenges effectively within the region.

SUHAKAM pledged to remain steadfast in our commitment to address the issues faced by all vulnerable groups.  We are also looking forward to delving into and exploring emerging issues, such as the interplay between digital rights, technology, and their impact on human rights.

Despite the complexities and challenges encountered in 2023, SUHAKAM would like to extend our greatest gratitude for the unwavering support to all of our stakeholders. Their commitment in creating a safer environment for human rights protection, both in Malaysia and abroad, remains, offering a beacon of hope as we grapple with intricate human rights issues in Malaysia and also worldwide. As we move into 2024 and beyond, SUHAKAM’s resolve to stand firm in the pursuit of a more just and equitable world underscores their dedication to protecting and upholding human rights for all.

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Press Statement No.1-2024_SUHAKAM Commited to Support South Africa in ICJ Case Against Israel, Urges Malaysian Intervention

KUALA LUMPUR (15 JANUARY 2024) — SUHAKAM welcomes the Government’s support for South Africa’s legal action against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.

We urge the Government to intervene in the deliberations at the ICJ. Malaysia, a state party to the Genocide Convention, must commit and ensure that Israel is held accountable for the current atrocities in Gaza and for the decades of abuse violations and dehumanising of the Palestinians. We also call for the Government to review its reservation to Article 9 of the Genocide Convention, particularly focusing on the prevention and punishment of the crime.

The Government must reach out to all our allies within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and other regional bodies to intervene or support the right of Palestinians to statehood and all it entails. We note that South Africa is being supported by around 20 countries and opposed by among others, the United States, United Kingdom, Germany and Canada.

In line with our commitment to foster solidarity among national human rights institutions, SUHAKAM commits to support the South African Human Rights Commission.  SUHAKAM calls upon the international community to lend their support to South Africa’s case, highlighting the importance of ensuring justice, human rights, and accountability. SUHAKAM hopes the case will eventually find a peaceful resolution to the conflicts in the region.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)15 January 2024

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SUHAKAM Komited Menyokong Afrika Selatan Heret Israel ke ICJ, Gesa Campur Tangan Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (15 JANUARI 2024) Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) menyambut baik sokongan Kerajaan Malaysia kepada Afrika Selatan yang telah mengheret Israel di Mahkamah Keadilan Antarabangsa (ICJ), yang merupakan suatu badan kehakiman utama Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu.

SUHAKAM menggesa kerajaan untuk turut campur tangan dalam perbincangan di ICJ. Sebagai negara pihak kepada Konvensyen Genosid, Malaysia harus memberi komitmen dan memastikan Israel bertanggungjawab ke atas kekejaman di Gaza dan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia dan penyeksaan yang tidak berperikemanusiaan terhadap rakyat Palestin sejak berdekad lamanya. SUHAKAM juga menyeru agar Kerajaan menimbang semula reservasi kepada Perkara 9 Konvensyen Genosid yang khususnya menekankan mengenai pencegahan dan hukuman jenayah.

Kerajaan perlu bersepakat dengan semua sekutu dalam Pertubuhan Negara-negara Asia Tenggara (ASEAN) dan badan-badan serantau lain untuk turut campur tangan atau menyokong hak rakyat Palestin dalam mendapatkan kedaulatan negara mereka. Afrika Selatan kini mendapat sokongan kira-kira 20 buah negara dan antara negara yang memberikan tentangan adalah Amerika Syarikat, United Kingdom, Jerman dan Kanada.

Selaras dengan komitmen untuk memupuk solidariti dalam kalangan institusi hak asasi manusia kebangsaan, SUHAKAM dengan ini komited menyokong Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Afrika Selatan. SUHAKAM menyeru masyarakat antarabangsa untuk terus memberi sokongan kepada Afrika Selatan dan menggariskan akan kepentingan untuk memastikan keadilan, hak asasi manusia, dan kebertanggungjawaban. SUHAKAM berharap agar isu ini akan menemui satu titik penyelesaian damai kepada konflik di rantau tersebut.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

15 Januari 2024

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Press Statement No. 49-2023_SUHAKAM Urges Immediate Action on Migrant Workers in Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (29 DECEMBER 2023) — The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) is deeply concerned with the recent report of the detention of 171 Bangladesh workers exploited and trafficked into Malaysia with the false promise of jobs despite paying huge recruitment fees. Prior to their arrest, it was reported that they were marching to the Bayu Damai police station in Johor, to lodge reports that they were cheated by agents promising jobs. Their desperation must have driven them to lodge reports despite being aware of the risk of arrest, detention and deportation.

SUHAKAM is of the view that these victims were in such a dire situation and reaching out to the police must have been a last resort attempt to return to their country of origin despite huge personal suffering and massive financial losses. These people were duped and entered Malaysia on a valid immigration pass indicating the strong possibility of lax enforcement approvals and very likely corrupt practices within the relevant agencies.

SUHAKAM has in the past, issued numerous statements on modern slavery and human trafficking in the guise of “legalised” recruitment processes which are manifestly inhumane, abusive and exploitative to migrants. SUHAKAM’s position on migrant workers issues has always been rooted in the principles of justice, including educating the public and industries on the accountability in business practices and respect for human rights.

Therefore, we implore and urge the Government to seriously address this matter and execute the following actions:

i. Setting up a high-level task force to facilitate thorough and transparent investigations, identify short comings and most importantly action to be recommended against person(s) involved in this horrible and exploitative human trafficking processes;

ii.  Expedite the implementation of the recommendations listed in the “Report of the Independent Committee on the Management of Foreign Workers” which include issues of unethical, unhealthy, and unfair practices in the recruitment of foreign workers. The foreign workers monitoring systems should also be amplified to ensure fair and safe working conditions for migrant workers, along with cooperation with countries of origin to create safe migration routes;

iii. Working towards a complete overhaul in terms of policies, processes, accountability and transparency in the recruitment and management of migrant workers and proceed to set up a dedicated Ministry to manage all migrant workers’ affairs in the country.

SUHAKAM calls upon all relevant agencies to immediately address the longstanding issues of foreign workers management in Malaysia. We have to be mindful that these issues involve basic and inviolable human rights, and the lack of meaningful action and continued indifference will only reflect on us as a nation and society lacking in compassion dignity and humane values.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

29 December 2023

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SUHAKAM Desak Segera Tangani Isu Pekerja Asing di Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (29 DISEMBER 2023) — Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) bimbang dengan laporan mengenai penahanan 171 pekerja Bangladesh yang dieksploitasi dan diperdagangkan ke Malaysia dengan janji pekerjaan palsu walaupun telah membayar yuran pengambilan kerja yang tinggi. Sebelum itu, mereka telah berjalan ke balai polis Bayu Damai, Johor untuk membuat laporan bahawa mereka telah diperdaya oleh ejen yang menjanjikan peluang pekerjaan. Situasi yang mendesak telah mendorong mereka untuk membuat laporan walaupun menyedari akan risiko penahanan, penangkapan dan dihantar pulang.

SUHAKAM berpendapat bahawa mangsa-mangsa ini terdesak sehingga mereka terpaksa melaporkan perkara ini kepada pihak polis  sebagai usaha terakhir untuk kembali ke negara asal meskipun mengalami penderitaan dan kerugian kewangan yang besar. Mereka telah diperdaya dan masuk ke Malaysia dengan pas imigresen yang sah dan ini menunjukkan kemungkinan penguatkuasaan yang lemah dan amalan rasuah dalam agensi-agensi yang berkaitan.

SUHAKAM telah mengeluarkan banyak kenyataan mengenai perhambaan moden dan pemerdagangan manusia bertopengkan proses pengambilan secara “sah” tetapi jelas tidak berperikemanusiaan, menyalahguna dan mengeksploitasi migran. Pendirian SUHAKAM mengenai isu pekerja migran sentiasa berpaksikan kepada prinsip keadilan, termasuk pendidikan kepada orang ramai dan industri tentang akauntabiliti dalam amalan perniagaan dan penghormatan kepada hak asasi manusia.

Oleh itu, SUHAKAM menyeru dan menggesa Kerajaan untuk menangani perkara ini dengan serius dan melaksanakan tindakan berikut:

  1. Menubuhkan pasukan petugas khas untuk membantu penyiasatan yang menyeluruh dan telus, mengenal pasti kelemahan dan yang paling utama, syor-syor tindakan yang perlu diambil terhadap pihak yang terlibat dalam proses pemerdagangan manusia yang tidak berperikemanusiaan ini;
  2. Mempercepatkan pelaksanaan syor-syor dalam “Laporan Jawatankuasa Bebas Pengurusan Pekerja Asing” yang merangkumi isu-isu amalan tidak beretika, tidak sihat, dan tidak adil dalam pengambilan pekerja asing. Sistem pemantauan pekerja asing juga harus dipertingkatkan untuk memastikan persekitaran kerja yang adil dan selamat untuk pekerja migran, berkerjasama dengan negara asal untuk mewujudkan laluan penghijrahan yang selamat;
  3. Berusaha ke arah pembaharuan yang menyeluruh dari segi dasar, proses, akauntabiliti dan ketelusan dalam pengambilan dan pengurusan pekerja migran dan menubuhkan satu Kementerian yang khusus bagi pengurusan hal ehwal pekerja asing di negara ini.

SUHAKAM menyeru agensi yang berkaitan untuk segera menangani isu pengurusan pekerja asing yang telah lama berlarutan di Malaysia. Isu-isu pencabulan hak asasi manusia dan kurangnya tindakan yang kukuh serta sikap tidak acuh yang berterusan hanya akan mencerminkan Malaysia sebagai negara  yang tidak mempunyai belas kasihan terhadap maruah dan nilai-nilai kemanusiaan.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

29 Disember 2023

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Press Statement No. 48-2023_SUHAKAM Calls for Concrete Collaborative Efforts on Children’s Educational Rights in Omadal Island

KUALA LUMPUR (28 DECEMBER 2023) – In response to the objections to the establishment of Iskul Sama DiLaut Omadal, an alternative learning center on Omadal Island, Sabah, the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) wishes to reaffirm its commitment to the fundamental right to education for all and its role in humanizing and developing individuals.

SUHAKAM, alongside the Indonesia National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) and the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines (CHRP), aligned with the tripartite MoU on Statelessness in Sabah had visited the center on 8th September 2023. During this engagement, SUHAKAM has observed firsthand, the significant impact of Iskul’s efforts in providing literacy training to the stateless children. Recognizing the vital role Iskul plays in addressing educational gaps for these stateless children, SUHAKAM Sabah Office convened a meeting in November this year to explore avenues of support for Iskul’s continued operations and their application to be registered as an alternative guidance centre (PBA).

While SUHAKAM commends the establishment of Sekolah Bimbingan Jalinan Kasih (SBJK) which aims at providing access to equal education for all young people, including dropouts, street kids and undocumented children in Sabah, we hope Iskul will be allowed to continue its operations and in addition to this, we also hope the existing SBJK will be provided with proper facilities to ensure the children will receive quality and equitable inclusive education.

In furtherance of the above and the Government’s commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that no child is left behind in the pursuit of quality education, SUHAKAM therefore calls for more concrete collaborative efforts between the Ministry of Education, local community leaders, Non-Governmental Organisations, and other relevant stakeholders to address the educational needs of Omadal Island’s children, regardless of their background. SUHAKAM firmly believes that providing safe space for children to access education will eventually promote lifelong learning opportunities and underscores the importance of due diligence and non-discrimination on access to education for all children in Malaysia. SUHAKAM stands ready to cooperate and assist the Government to address this matter.

-END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

28 December 2023

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SUHAKAM Seru Kerjasama Kukuh Tangani Isu Hak Pendidikan Kanak-kanak di Pulau Omadal

KUALA LUMPUR (28 DISEMBER 2023) – Susulan bantahan terhadap penubuhan Iskul Sama DiLaut Omadal, sebuah pusat pembelajaran alternatif di Pulau Omadal, Sabah, Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) teguh menegaskan komitmen terhadap hak pendidikan untuk semua kerana ia adalah asas kemanusiaan dan perkembangan setiap individu.

Sejajar dengan pembaharuan MoU tiga pihak mengenai Isu Tanpa Kewarganegaraan di Sabah, SUHAKAM, bersama Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia Indonesia (Komnas HAM), dan Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Filipina (CHRP) telah melawat pusat itu pada 8 September 2023. SUHAKAM telah membuat pemerhatian secara langsung kepentingan usaha Iskul dalam memberikan pendidikan asas kanak-kanak tanpa kewarganegaraan. Menyedari peranan penting Iskul dalam menangani jurang pendidikan, pejabat SUHAKAM Sabah telah mengadakan mesyuarat pada bulan November untuk meneroka langkah sokongan agar Iskul dapat terus beroperasi dan permohonan mereka untuk didaftarkan sebagai pusat bimbingan alternatif (PBA) dapat diluluskan.

SUHAKAM memuji penubuhan sekolah Bimbingan Jalinan Kasih (SBJK) yang bertujuan untuk menyediakan akses kepada pendidikan yang sama rata untuk semua golongan muda, termasuk kanak-kanak yang tercicir, kanak-kanak jalanan dan kanak-kanak tanpa dokumen di Sabah. Oleh itu, kami berharap Iskul juga akan dibenarkan untuk meneruskan operasinya dan SBJK yang sedia ada dapat diperuntukkan dengan kemudahan yang bersesuaian agar kanak-kanak mendapat akses kepada pendidikan inklusif yang berkualiti dan saksama.

Lanjutan daripada perkara di atas serta komitmen kerajaan terhadap Agenda Matlamat Pembangunan Mampan 2030 agar tiada kanak-kanak yang ketinggalan dalam mendapatkan pendidikan berkualiti, SUHAKAM dengan ini menyeru agar kerjasama dapat diperkukuh antara Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, pemimpin masyarakat tempatan, pertubuhan bukan kerajaan dan pihak berkepentingan yang berkaitan dalam menangani keperluan pendidikan kanak-kanak Pulau Omadal, tanpa mengira latar belakang mereka. SUHAKAM yakin bahawa ruang yang selamat untuk kanak-kanak mendapat akses pendidikan akan menggalakkan peluang pembelajaran sepanjang hayat. Usaha ke arah tiada diskriminasi terhadap akses kepada pendidikan adalah penting untuk semua kanak-kanak di Malaysia dan SUHAKAM sentiasa bersedia untuk bekerjasama dan membantu kerajaan untuk menangani perkara ini.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

28 Disember 2023


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Press Statement No. 47-2023_ SUHAKAM Expresses Grave Concerns Over Proposed Citizenship Amendments in Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (18 DECEMBER 2023) – The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) has serious concerns on the Government’s proposal to amend several citizenship provisions under Part II of the Second Schedule of the Federal Constitution purportedly to prevent the misuse of acquiring Malaysian citizenship. We have to date not been provided with any data or information of such abuse or misuse in the applications.

SUHAKAM is of the view that amendments to the Federal Constitution must be premised on a humane approach to enhance clarify and streamline the process of citizenship applications. We wish to emphasize that the proposed amendments, particularly the proposal to abrogate Sections 1(e) and 2(3) in Part II of the Second Schedule, could adversely affect vulnerable groups like children born out of wedlock, stateless children adopted by Malaysian parents, and foundlings. These changes risk deepening the challenges faced by generational stateless individuals in Malaysia.

These proposed amendments would then create generational issues of statelessness further burdening the State with such people unable to fend for themselves and unable to be productive and contribute to the nation.

Moving forward, SUHAKAM urges the Government to adopt a holistic and considerate approach in addressing these citizenship issues. This includes conducting thorough research on the potential impacts of these amendments and engaging in a comprehensive consultation process with a diverse range of stakeholders, including civil society organizations and experts in children’s rights and statelessness. It’s crucial that each amendment be carefully considered for its unique implications to ensure that the fundamental rights of all individuals, particularly children, are upheld.

Nationality is fundamental to human rights, particularly for children, as it lays the foundation for accessing other vital basic rights such as education and healthcare. Guaranteeing each child has a nationality extends beyond providing legal identity; it safeguards their future and empowers them to contribute fully to society. It is crucial that the proposed citizenship amendments undergo thorough examination and revision to ensure alignment with human rights values reflecting the Government’s commitment to principles of justice and equality. This approach will ultimately enable every child in Malaysia to experience a healthy, educated, and fulfilled life.

END-

Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

18 December 2023

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SUHAKAM Menzahirkan Kebimbangan Terhadap Usul Pindaan Kewarganegaraan di Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR (18 DISEMBER 2023) – Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) menzahirkan kebimbangan dengan cadangan Kerajaan untuk meminda beberapa peruntukan mengenai kewarganegaraan di bawah Bahagian II Jadual Kedua Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang dikatakan bertujuan mencegah penyalahgunaan permohonan kewarganegaraan Malaysia. Sehingga kini, SUHAKAM masih tidak diberikan sebarang data atau maklumat mengenai penyalahgunaan atau penyelewangan permohonan tersebut. 

SUHAKAM berpendapat bahawa pindaan kepada Perlembagaan Persekutuan perlu berlandaskan pendekatan yang berperikemanusiaan untuk kejelasan dan penyelarasan proses permohonan yang lebih baik. SUHAKAM ingin menekankan bahawa pindaan yang dicadangkan, khususnya cadangan untuk membatalkan Seksyen 1(e) dan 2(3) dalam Bahagian II Jadual Kedua, boleh memberi impak negatif kepada kumpulan rentan seperti anak tidak sah taraf, anak tanpa kewarganegaraan yang diambil sebagai anak angkat oleh pasangan warganegara Malaysia dan, kanak-kanak yang dijumpai/terabai. Perubahan ini memberi cabaran yang lebih sukar kepada individu tanpa kewarganegaraan dari satu generasi ke satu generasi di Malaysia.

Pindaan yang dicadangkan ini akan mewujudkan isu tanpa kewarganegaraan yang berpanjangan dan semakin membebankan kerana mereka tidak dapat berdikari, produktif serta menyumbang kepada negara.

Dalam melangkah ke hadapan, SUHAKAM menggesa Kerajaan untuk mengambil pendekatan holistik dan bertimbang rasa dalam menangani isu-isu kewarganegaraan sebegini. Ini termasuk menjalankan penyelidikan menyeluruh mengenai impak pindaan ini dan mengadakan proses perundingan yang komprehensif dengan pelbagai pihak berkepentingan termasuk organisasi masyarakat sivil dan pakar dalam bidang hak kanak-kanak dan tanpa kewarganegaraan. Adalah penting untuk memastikan setiap satu pindaan dipertimbangkan dengan teliti dengan mengambil kira implikasinya yang unik bagi memastikan hak asasi setiap individu, terutamanya kanak-kanak dapat dilindungi.

Kewarganegaraan adalah asas kepada hak asasi manusia, terutamanya bagi kanak-kanak, kerana ia merupakan asas kepada akses hak asasi yang penting seperti pendidikan dan penjagaan kesihatan. Memastikan setiap kanak-kanak memiliki kewarganegaraan bukan sekadar memberikan identiti dari segi undang-undang; ia juga untuk melindungi masa depan dan membolehkan mereka untuk menyumbang sepenuhnya dalam masyarakat. Pindaan kewarganegaraan yang dicadangkan ini perlu disemak secara menyeluruh, selaras dengan nilai-nilai hak asasi manusia yang mencerminkan komitmen Kerajaan terhadap prinsip keadilan dan kesaksamaan. Pendekatan ini akan membolehkan setiap kanak-kanak untuk menikmati kehidupan yang sihat, berilmu dan lebih bermakna.

-TAMAT-

Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

18 Disember 2023