Advertising the Application for the Role of External Evaluator for the Project “Responding to Covid19 by Meeting the Human Rights Needs of Vulnerable Communities in Malaysia”


This document provides the Terms of Reference (TOR) for the External Evaluation of the European Union-funded Project, “Responding to Covid19 by Meeting the Human Rights Needs of Vulnerable Communities in Malaysia”. This document includes the background information about the Project, describes the purpose of the evaluation, its objectives, scope, methodology, deliverables, timeframe, budget, required competencies of an evaluator and requirements for submission of application.

The duration of the project is 19 months, thus the project which started on 28 September 2020 will end on 28 April 2022. The evaluation of the project will take place whilst the project is technically on-going, however most, if not all, activities would have been completed by the time of evaluation.

The project was designed as a direct response to the worst public health and economic crisis the world has encountered in decades; with particular emphasis on vulnerable communities in Malaysia whose health, economic and social rights have been grossly impacted. Alike other countries around the world, the Malaysian Government introduced movement restrictions to curb the spread of Covid19. This led to a greater regression of socioeconomic rights among vulnerable communities as they lost access to various needs such as water, food, adequate housing, work/livelihood, health, corresponding with a national inability to meet the basic economic and social rights of these groups.

The Overall Objective of the project is to improve advocacy on human rights issues in Malaysia based on increased information sharing and improved capacity of Malaysian CSOs during the Covid19 pandemic. The Specific Objective of the project is 3-fold; Specific Objective 1 is to enhance information sharing and data gathering on serious human rights issues among CSOs/NGOs as well as among CSOs and SUHAKAM. This platform shall also serve to promote long-term partnerships between SUHAKAM and local human rights NGOs/CSOs. Specific Objective 2 is to strengthen the role and capacity of local NGOs/CSOs in responding to humanitarian crisis and protection of human rights. Specific Objective 3 is to build resilience among selected local communities to better counter social and economic shocks and disasters.

The Project intended to achieve 5 main outputs:
1) Strengthened advocacy on human rights issues across Malaysia.
2) Improved mapping and monitoring of human rights issues in Malaysia, based on collected data and enhanced sharing of information.
3) Improved capacity amongst grass root civil society organisations to implement projects benefitting the most vulnerable.
4) Increased livelihoods, skills and knowledge among selected local communities.
5) Establish/strengthen relations between relevant state authorities, vulnerable groups and local NGOs.

Among the main activities planned for the project are; the development of an online platform including promotion of the platform on social media and e-infographics created on its use; Development of advocacy briefs based on facts from across Malaysia (obtained from the online platform); Aid distribution to vulnerable communities most in need; Capacity building/Upskilling workshops for vulnerable communities; Collaboration with relevant state authorities in running certain activities such as workshops. SUHAKAM had officially partnered with three (3) local CSOs as Subgrantees (located in Penang, Sabah and Sarawak respectively) under this project to conduct a majority of upskilling workshops as well as aid distribution activities. The target communities comprise the Stateless and Undocumented Community in Sabah (Semporna), the refugee community in Penang, Urban-dwelling natives in Sarawak and the Orang Asli in Johor. The Logframe/Theory of Change will be provided to the appointed applicant.

The project team comprise one (1) Project Manager responsible for project implementation and operations; assisted by one (1) Project Officer tasked to support the Project Manager in all programme-related functions and one (1) clerical staff . SUHAKAM Commissioners had set the overall strategic direction of the project implementation, as well as performed important tasks such as engaging with external stakeholders and delivering speeches at certain events. The Secretary was responsible for overseeing and supervising the project team’s overall operations, including recruitment of project manager and officers. The Head of Divisions and officers from Divisions provided guidance and additional technical support when needed. The Corporate Service Head of Division and accountant (for all matters related to finance) worked in close collaboration with the Project Manager to ensure the EU financial rules were complied with and provided any administrative support in the conduct of its daily activities.

Access to the shared folder containing all relevant documentation will be provided to the consultant conducting the evaluation.


This is an end-of-project evaluation, which shall focus on assessing the implementation of the project activities (in accordance to the agreement between the European Union and SUHAKAM) and whether the activities had led to the achievement of the intended results and project objectives. As a result of this evaluation, relevant recommendations by the evaluator are expected in order to improve the quality of SUHAKAM’s future projects. The report will also be made available to the European Union for their information and record.


The final report should be introduced by an initial discussion of the socio-political and human rights context of the project and the development of this context during the project period.

It should then discuss, provide conclusions and recommendations on the following questions:

• Effectiveness: To which degree did the activities meet the objectives and results set out in the project (as outlined in the logical framework)?
• Matching needs: Did the project/activities meet relevant needs of the beneficiaries?
• Relevance: Was the project designed in a way that is relevant to reach its goals?
• Efficiency: Was the project run in an efficient way?
• Sustainability: Are the results achieved so far sustainable?
• Internal coherence: Were the result indicators and their means of verification adequate? What possible adjustments would the consultants recommend?
• Gender mainstreaming: To which extent did the project succeed in including a gender perspective?
• Impact and spill-over: Where there any unforeseen positive/negative effects of the activities?
• Synergies: to which extent were synergies achieved with other activities, as well as with local/international policies and donor policies?
• Which unmet needs did the evaluators identify that would be relevant for SUHAKAM to look into in an eventual continuation of the project?
• Identify lessons learned and provide recommendations.
• Visibility: Had the project sufficiently adhered to the communication and visibility plan?

In addition, the evaluator/s will have access to the following information:

– Grant Contract
– Interim Reports (if applicable)
– Financial reports
– Visibility material
– Other relevant documents produced during the implementation of the project


The criteria and questions serve as a general reference and may be expanded as deemed necessary by the evaluator.

The appropriateness of project objectives to the problems that it was supposed to address, taking into consideration the environment within which it operated. It should include an assessment of the quality of project preparation and design – i.e. the logic and completeness of the project planning process, and the internal logic and coherence of the project design.

The fact that the project results have been achieved at reasonable cost, i.e. how well inputs/means have been converted into activities, in terms of quality, quantity and time, and the quality of the results achieved. This generally requires comparing alternative approaches to achieving the same results, to see whether the most efficient process has been adopted.

An assessment of the contribution made by results to achievement of the project purpose, and how assumptions have affected project achievements. This should include specific assessment of the benefits accruing to target groups, including women and men and identified vulnerable groups such as children, the elderly and disabled.

The effect of the project on its wider environment, and its contribution to the wider policy or sector objectives (as summarized in the project’s overall objective).

An assessment of the likelihood of benefits produced by the project to continue to flow after external funding has ended, with particular reference to factors of ownership by beneficiaries, policy support, economic and financial factors, socio-cultural aspects, gender equality, appropriate technology, environmental aspects, and institutional and management capacity.


The evaluator is expected to engage with stakeholders and partners (including Subgrantees) not only to collect information and insights, but also to make a (collective) sense of the activities implemented in order to understand the following:

– Their engagement in the activity, how it has been promoted and how it fits with their own work/aims.
– Their perspectives on the issues.
– The capacity, awareness, relationships and resources developed during their engagement with the project and what they have been able to do with that.


The consultancy should be carried on the basis of a desk study. The desk study should cover the following documents:
• Project contractual documents and further amendments;
• Documents produced throughout the project;
• Evidence of impact collected by the project, including mid-term/monthly reports (whichever relevant)
• Other relevant documentation.

Furthermore, the evaluation should be conducted via virtual meetings or telephone interviews with:

• Subgrantees;
• Beneficiaries as well as partner/s and participants;
• SUHAKAM Team involved in project implementation and overview;
• Other stakeholders


The deliverables should include:

• An inception report, the detailed description of the methodology to answer the evaluation questions as well as the proposed source of information and data collection procedure. The inception report should also indicate the detailed schedule for the tasks to be undergone (work plan), the activities to be implemented and the deliverables. The role and responsibilities of evaluator should be stated as well.
• A draft evaluation report, to be discussed with SUHAKAM project team and Commissioners (if need be) in order to provide comments;
• A final evaluation report not exceeding 20 pages, including:

i. Executive Summary
ii. Introduction
a. Intervention description
b. Evaluation purpose
c. Evaluation methodology
d. Challenges encountered during evaluation
iii. Findings
a. Findings related to each evaluation question
b. Country-related assessments, including overall conclusions and country-specific recommendations
c. Additional findings
iv. Conclusions (answers to the Evaluation Questions)
v. Recommendations
vi. Lessons Learnt
vii. Annexes (list of people interviewed, key documents consulted, data collection instruments)


The evaluator is given 40 days to complete all evaluation processes and to conclude the final report.

21 February – 28 February

Desk review of core documents (Upon request by the Evaluator, documents may be submitted immediately upon confirmation of appointment prior to 21 February 2022.)

3 March – 4 March

Meeting/briefing with SUHAKAM Team, drafting and validation of inception report

[Meeting with Team: To brief on the methodology & preliminary discussions on intervention’s organisational structure, management arrangements, finance administration, internal monitoring & progress so far on achievements and challenges]

8 March -14 March

Stakeholder interviews, 5 days (approximately 20 interview sessions). The SUHAKAM team shall assist in reaching out to relevant stakeholders and arranging the interviews.

18 March

Debriefing: For reviewer to share preliminary conclusions (draft evaluation report) via Powerpoint Presentation with the project team and to ensure all information obtained are accurate.

30 March

Submission of Draft Final Report

1 April

Submission of Final Report


RM 10,000.

• 40% within two (2) weeks upon signing the Letter of Acceptance.
• 60% within two (2) weeks upon the Commission’s endorsement of the final report without further amendments


The contract shall start on 21 February 2022 – 1 April 2022.


The evaluator shall:
• Have a university degree or equivalent background in relevant disciplines, with specialized training in areas such as evaluation and project management.
• Have documented extensive experience on similar end-of-project evaluations of civil society projects in the field of human rights.
• Have sound knowledge of project and evaluation processes, including quantitative and qualitative data-collection methods and analysis for end-of-cycle project  evaluations.
• Have process management skills such as facilitation skills.
• Have the ability to draft concise evaluation reports of high quality in English.
• Working languages (written and spoken proficiency): English and Bahasa Malaysia.


Applicants shall submit the following documents in English:
a) A cover letter with a brief description of relevant previous experiences in evaluation of projects. [1 page maximum]b) A brief breakdown of costs based on the budget stipulated in para 9 (e.g. data collection, report preparation, profession fee per day) [1 page maximum]c) At least 2 comparable final report of comparable evaluation carried out.
d) A Curriculum vitae (CV) detailing certifications, accreditations etc.
e) A brief proposed workplan detailing evaluation timelines and methodology of evaluation process. [2 pages maximum]


The applicant shall submit relevant documents in softcopy to Mr. Ahmad Firdaus with Ms. Nicole Tan in copy(cc). For further information please contact

Deadline to submit applications is 24 January 2022 at 12 noon.

External Evaluation TOR (Responding to Covid19 by Meeting the Human Rights Needs of Vulnerable Communities in Malaysia)





NO. RUJUKAN SEBUT HARGA: SHM.001/1/18 Jld 4(3) (Pembangunan Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat)





  1. Penyebut harga – penyebut harga dikehendaki membaca dan memahami keseluruhan butir-butir dokumen sebut harga sebelum mengemukakan tawaran.
  2. Pastikan dokumen sebut harga adalah lengkap di kesemua muka surat. Sekiranya terdapat maklumat lanjut yang diperlukan adalah menjadi tanggungjawab penyebut harga untuk mendapatkan penjelasan daripada Unit Perolehan, SUHAKAM.
  3. Tawaran ini tertakluk kepada penentuan (spesifikasi) dan syarat-syarat yang tercatat di dokumen ini. Penyebut harga – Penyebut harga adalah diingatkan supaya mematuhi sepenuhnya syarat-syarat ini apabila menyertai sebut harga ini. Kegagalan berbuat demikian akan mengakibatkan sebut harga berkenaan tidak dipertimbangkan atau DITOLAK.





2.1  Salinan Sijil Pendaftaran Asal daripada Kementerian Kewangan hendaklah disertakan semasa penghantaran sebut harga untuk simpanan SUHAKAM.

2.2  Tempoh sahlaku tawaran dan tempoh siap projek.


a)  Peringkat Pertama – Semasa penghantaran dokumen tawaran oleh penyebut harga Kesemua penyebut harga yang menghantar dokumen sebut harga hendaklah menandatangani Surat Akuan Pembida bahawa ia tidak akan menawar atau memberi rasuah sebagai sogokan untuk mendapat kontrak. Wakil syarikat yang menandatangani Surat Akuan Pembida hendaklah juga melampirkan Surat Perwakilan Kuasa menandatangani bagi pihak syarikat.

b)  Peringkat Kedua – Semasa mengembalikan Surat Setuju Terima oleh Penyebut harga Berjaya, Penyebut harga yang berjaya dikehendaki menandatangani Surat Akuan Pembida Berjaya bahawa ia tidak akan memberi rasuah sebagai ganjaran kerana mendapat kontrak. Wakil syarikat yang menandatangani Surat Akuan Pembida Berjaya hendaklah juga melampirkan Surat Perwakilan Kuasa menandatangani bagi pihak syarikat.

c) Peringkat Ketiga – Menandatangani perJanjian berkaitan perolehan Kerajaan yang mengandungi Klausa Pencegahan Rasuah Dalam Perolehan Kerajaan SUHAKAM hendaklah memastikan teks perjanjian perolehan Kerajaan yang hendak ditandatangani dengan pembida mengandungi Klausa Pencegahan Rasuah Dalam Perolehan Kerajan seperti yang diedarkan oleh Jabatan Peguam Negara melalui surat edaran bil. PN(ADV)188 Jld. 5 bertarikh 24 Jun 2008. SUHAKAM hendaklah memberi penekanan kepada pembida mengenai tindakan yang boleh diambil sekiranya berlaku sebarang pelanggaran ke atas klausa tersebut.

4 Tarikh Tutup Sebut harga

Dokumen sebut harga hendaklah diserahkan dan dimasukkan ke dalam peti sebutharga di Pejabat SUHAKAM, Unit Perolehan, Tingkat 11, Menara TH Perdana, 1001, Jalan Sultan Ismail SEBELUM ATAU PADA 5 OKTOBER 2021. JAM 12.00 TENGAH HARI.

SHK_001_21_21-25 Strategic Plan e-Booklet_V3





Laporan Tahunan 2019


Tahun 2019 merupakan tahun istimewa buat SUHAKAM yang menyambut ulang tahun ke-20 pada 9 September. Buat julung kalinya juga, Laporan Tahunan SUHAKAM dibahaskan di Parlimen menjadikan ia sebagai satu penanda aras yang penting buat SUHAKAM.

Pencapaian utama tahun ini dan sebagai hadiah ulang tahun ke-20 SUHAKAM adalah perbahasan Laporan Tahunan SUHAKAM 2018 pada 5 Disember. Ahli parlimen, sebagai wakil rakyat bagi kawasan masing-masing bertanggungjawab untuk mengiktiraf dan mengambil maklum isu hak asasi manusia yang wujud, dan menggunakan kuasa yang diamanahkan untuk mencari penyelesaian yang efektif.

SUHAKAM mengalu-alukan pelantikan Anggota Suruhanjaya pada pertengahan tahun ini, diketuai oleh Tan Sri Othman Hashim sebagai Pengerusi serta dibarisi lapan lagi anggota bagi tempoh 2019 hingga 2022.

Pada 23 Ogos 2019 pula, Prof. Dato’ Noor Aziah Mohd. Awal telah dilantik sebagai Pesuruhjaya Kanak-kanak (OCC) memfokuskan gerak kerja kepada mempromosi dan melindungi hak kanak-kanak. Hak-hak tersebut merangkumi hak kanak-kanak orang asli, migran, pelarian, tidak berdokumen, tanpa kerakyatan dan kanak-kanak kurang upaya, yang semuanya didokong oleh Konvensyen Mengenai Hak Kanak- kanak. Pelantikan OCC ini menjadikan jumlah keseluruhan Anggota Suruhanjaya sebanyak sembilan orang.

Menyedari bahawa pendidikan adalah kaedah yang paling berkesan untuk memupuk generasi akan datang yang berperanan mempromosi dan melindungi hak asasi manusia sebagai satu prinsip, SUHAKAM berusaha untuk memperkuat kerjasama dengan Kementerian Pendidikan. SUHAKAM memberi tumpuan kepada pembangunan Modul Pendidikan Sivik dan memberi input dalam kajian semula Dasar Pendidikan Kebangsaan. SUHAKAM mengesyorkan agar Dasar Pendidikan Kebangsaan harus mengintegrasikan pendidikan hak asasi manusia sebagai satu matlamat untuk mencapai aspirasi dasar. Pada masa yang sama, Program Amalan Terbaik Hak Asasi Manusia telah berkembang dari 222 buah sekolah pada awalnya dengan tambahan 246 buah sekolah lagi untuk seluruh Malaysia pada tahun 2019. SUHAKAM juga telah memulakan perbincangan dengan Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia untuk menggabungkan pengetahuan hak asasi manusia dalam sukatan pelajaran latihan guru bermula tahun 2020.

SUHAKAM menjadi tuan rumah kepada Dialog Serantau berkenaan Konvensyen Menentang Penyeksaan dan Hukuman Lain yang Zalim, Tidak Berperikemanusiaan atau Menjatuhkan Maruah (UNCAT) pada bulan Julai. Projek ini dibiayai oleh geran Kesatuan Eropah (EU) bertujuan berkongsi amalan terbaik dan pengalaman yang dipelajari daripada pelaksanaan UNCAT antara negara anggota ASEAN dan OIC yang relevan, dibentangkan oleh pakar di peringkat serantau dan antarabangsa. SUHAKAM akan terus membantu dan memandang ke hadapan berkenaan penyertaan Malaysia kepada UNCAT pada suatu masa nanti.

Selain itu, beberapa kementerian telah mengadakan rundingan dan menjemput SUHAKAM menjadi ahli jawatankuasa untuk merangka draf dan membuat pengesyoran mengenai rang undang-undang baharu atau pindaan undang- undang sedia ada. Undang-undang tersebut termasuk gangguan seksual, kesaksamaan gender, pekerjaan, dan kajian mengenai alternatif untuk hukuman mati. SUHAKAM secara konsisten mengekalkan cadangan agar pembaharuan undang-undang mengikut piawaian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa. Pada separuh tahun kedua 2019, SUHAKAM mengambil bahagian dalam beberapa sesi konsultasi yang dipengerusikan oleh Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, YB Datuk Liew Vui Keong, menganjurkan sesi konsultasi awam dan mengemukakan cadangan mengenai draf Rang Undang-undang Suruhanjaya Bebas Aduan dan Salah Laku Polis (IPCMC). SUHAKAM juga terlibat dengan institusi undang-undang, termasuk badan kehakiman, agensi kerajaan dan organisasi masyarakat sivil (CSO) untuk mengambil bahagian dan bertukar pandangan mengenai pembaharuan undang-undang dan hak asasi manusia.

SUHAKAM mengalu-alukan pelantikan Ketua Hakim Negara yang baharu, YAA Tan Sri Tengku Maimun binti Tuan Mat, yang menyatakan sokongannya terhadap penglibatan berterusan hakim dan pegawai kehakiman mengenai isu hak asasi manusia. SUHAKAM ingin terlibat dalam proses semakan semula dan merangka undang-undang, terutamanya yang berkaitan dengan hak asasi manusia, dan secara idealnya dari peringkat awal proses perundangan.

Sejak 2016, SUHAKAM telah menyokong penubuhan Custodial Medical Unit (CMU), yang akan beroperasi sebagai klinik bergerak dan dikendalikan oleh kakitangan perubatan terlatih di tempat tahanan. Hasil daripada kerjasama positif dengan Polis DiRaja Malaysia (PDRM), CMU dijangka ditubuhkan di lima lokap berpusat pada awal tahun 2020. Selain itu, SUHAKAM juga bekerjasama dengan Bahagian Dasar Penjara untuk menjalankan kajian dan pembaharuan menyeluruh sistem pengurusan penjara, dasar dan amalan, termasuk pematuhan kepada standard minimum penahanan mengikut piawaian antarabangsa seperti Peraturan Nelson Mandela (Nelson Mandela Rules).

SUHAKAM melengkapkan siasatan Inkuiri Awam (PI) berkenaan kehilangan Pastor Raymond Koh dan Amri Che Mat, pada Disember 2018. Berikutan pengumuman dan penerbitan laporan PI, Kementerian Dalam Negeri menubuhkan sebuah Pasukan Petugas Khas untuk menyiasat kehilangan kedua-dua individu tersebut.

Pada 14 Mac 2019, Laporan Kumpulan Kerja Malaysia untuk UPR Ketiga telah dipertimbangkan dan diterima pakai pada Persidangan Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia ke-40. Daripada 268 syor, Malaysia menerima sepenuhnya 147 syor, menerima sebahagian 37 syor dan mengambil maklum 84 cadangan yang selebihnya. Setelah menerima semua 11 syor UPR mengenai orang kurang upaya, komuniti ini mengharapkan agar diterjemahkan menjadi kenyataan tidak lama lagi, terutamanya mengenai akses kepada pendidikan, penjagaan kesihatan dan kemudahan fasiliti yang mesra orang kurang upaya.

Isu utama di Sabah adalah berkaitan dengan tanah, kewarganegaraan, dan pengenalan diri dan/atau dokumen perundangan peribadi. SUHAKAM telah membuat cadangan kepada pihak berkuasa dan berusaha untuk mengenal pasti penyelesaian terbaik bagi pelbagai aduan yang diterima, dan juga menyokong dasar penambahbaikan secara amnya. Sebagai sebahagian daripada usaha SUHAKAM untuk mencari penyelesaian dalam isu kewarganegaraan, SUHAKAM menandatangani Memorandum Persefahaman dengan Komnas HAM (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia Indonesia) pada bulan April, yang akan membolehkan kedua-dua NHRI membantu antara satu sama lain merentasi sempadan negara. Berdasarkan advokasi aktif dan penglibatan berterusan dengan Kerajaan Negeri Sabah, khususnya Jabatan Tanah dan Ukur, terdapat peningkatan yang ketara daripada segi Hak Tanah Adat Orang Asal. SUHAKAM berharap dapat melihat lebih banyak perubahan positif pada masa hadapan.

Owing to many years of active advocacy and constant engagement with the Sabah Government, specifically the Land and Survey Department, there seemed to be notable improvements in terms of Native Customary Rights and land issues. SUHAKAM looks forward to seeing more positive changes on this front shortly.

Isu kewarganegaraan merupakan majoriti aduan yang diterima oleh Pejabat Sarawak. Aduan tersebut merangkumi kewarganegaraan kanak-kanak, pendaftaran lewat kelahiran atau kad pengenalan untuk penduduk di kawasan luar bandar, serta kanak-kanak yang ibu mereka adalah warga asing. SUHAKAM turut mengalu-alukan pindaan Kanun Tanah Sarawak pada 2018. Adalah penting untuk mempunyai undang-undang tanah yang lebih adil bagi menghalang ketidakadilan yang dialami oleh masyarakat Orang Asal yang tidak mempunyai akses kepada pengetahuan dan undang-undang tetapi terpaksa terlibat dalam proses litigasi untuk menuntut hak mereka. Keadaan ini akan membuka jalan bagi masyarakat Orang Asal untuk meneruskan tuntutan hak NCR mereka dengan lebih jelas dan yakin, berbanding perlu mengharungi ujian semakan kehakiman.

Bagi masyarakat Orang Asli pula, antara masalah yang sering dihadapi adalah kekurangan akses kepada air bersih, pembukaan ladang di sekitar kawasan penempatan dan pencerobohan tanah, dan kesulitan dalam mengakses perkhidmatan kesihatan dan pendidikan untuk kanak-kanak. SUHAKAM meneruskan penglibatan bersama Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, YB Senator Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy dan JAKOA untuk mencari perpaduan dan penyelesaian terhadap isu yang memberi kesan kepada Orang Asli, terutamanya yang melibatkan beberapa peristiwa tragis seperti kes kematian. Di samping itu, SUHAKAM juga ingin menekankan mengenai suara penduduk kampung yang sering membangkitkan isu akses kepada air bersih semasa program SUHAKAM Bersama Masyarakat yang diadakan di kawasan luar bandar.

SUHAKAM mengadakan beberapa lawatan ke depot tahanan imigresen dan mendapati kebanyakkan depot tahanan ini tidak sesuai dan tidak mempunyai kemudahan untuk memenuhi keperluan kanak- kanak. SUHAKAM dan CSO menyokong keperluan untuk mengenalpasti dan melaksanakan alternatif kepada penahanan kanak-kanak. SUHAKAM mengesyorkan agar SOP yang berkaitan dengan penahanan kanak-kanak perlu dipertingkatkan, dan memulakan projek perintis di mana kanak-kanak ini diletakkan di bawah penjagaan masyarakat atau tempat perlindungan di bawah badan bukan kerajaan.

Terdapat beberapa laporan kejadian yang berkaitan dengan sekolah tahfiz sepanjang tahun ini, termasuk kematian pelajar dalam kebakaran dan dakwaan penderaan fizikal dan seksual. Susulan itu, SUHAKAM telah melawat beberapa sekolah tahfiz untuk memahami permasalahan mereka. SUHAKAM juga bekerjasama dengan jabatan agama negeri untuk menganjurkan Bengkel Hak Asasi Manusia bagi Pentadbir Sekolah Tahfiz. Semua isu yang berkaitan dengan sekolah tahfiz dibawa semasa mesyuarat dengan Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Agama), YB Datuk Seri Dr. Mujahid Yusof, JAKIM dan pihak berkuasa agama negeri.

SUHAKAM menjalankan kajian mengenai diskriminasi terhadap transgender di Kuala Lumpur dan Selangor. Hasil kajian tersebut diterbitkan pada bulan Mac 2019. SUHAKAM berpandangan bahawa hak dan martabat komuniti transgender tidak berbeza dengan komuniti lain. Mereka harus dihormati dan dilindungi daripada diskriminasi, bahaya dan keganasan, tanpa menghiraukan orientasi seksual mereka.

SUHAKAM embarked on a study on discrimination against transgender persons based in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. The findings were published in March 2019. It is SUHAKAM’s view that the rights and dignity of the transgender community is no different from members of all other communities. They should be respected and protected from discrimination, harm and violence, regardless of their sexual orientation.

SUHAKAM bekerjasama dengan Fortify Rights untuk menerbitkan laporan ‘Sold Like Fish’. Laporan ini menumpukan kepada jenayah yang dilakukan oleh pemerdagang manusia terhadap pelarian Rohingya di laut dan kem pemerdagangan manusia di Malaysia dan Thailand. Mangsa yang terselamat daripada kekejaman ini di Malaysia berhak mendapat perlindungan di bawah undang-undang Malaysia sebagai mangsa pemerdagangan. Justeru, adalah penting untuk mengetahui sama ada Suruhanjaya Siasatan Diraja Wang Kelian, yang ditubuhkan oleh Kementerian Dalam Negeri, dapat mengenal pasti pelaku dan keadilan akan dilaksanakan dengan sewajarnya.

Selepas Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Undang-undang), YB Datuk Liew Vui Keong mengumumkan bahawa Kabinet memutuskan agar semua perkara berkaitan hak asasi manusia, termasuk pembangunan Pelan Tindakan Kebangsaan mengenai Perniagaan dan Hak Asasi Manusia (NAPBHR), diletakkan di bawah portfolionya, SUHAKAM telah memberikan syor dan input mengenai permulaan dan pembangunan NAPBHR untuk Malaysia.

After Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Law) YB Datuk Liew Vui Keong announced that Cabinet had decided that all human rights matters, including the development of the National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights (NAPBHR), be placed under his ministerial portfolio, SUHAKAM provided advice and input on the initiation and development of a NAPBHR for Malaysia.

SUHAKAM menegaskan pendiriannya untuk memansuhkan Akta Hasutan 1948 dan mengesyorkan agar agenda untuk memperbaharui undang-undang dan penguatkuasaan untuk mengawal kebencian, mengikut piawaian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa dilaksanakan. Ini akan memastikan rasa hormat dan perlindungan kepada hak untuk kebebasan bersuara seperti yang dijamin di bawah Perkara 10 Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan Artikel 19 Perisytiharan Hak Asasi Manusia Sejagat.

SUHAKAM menyokong inisiatif yang dilaksanakan oleh Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri yang menjaga hal ehwal agama dalam pengenalan Rahmatan lil ‘Alamin dan Maqasid Syariah, yang kedua-duanya menekankan prinsip global mengenai promosi dan melindungi hak asasi manusia. Walau bagaimanapun, SUHAKAM mengakui bahawa terdapat keperluan untuk penambahbaikan dasar dan pentadbiran, untuk mengukuhkan pemahaman awam mengenai hubungan positif antara Islam dan hak asasi manusia di Malaysia.

SUHAKAM menyambut baik keputusan kerajaan untuk menghapuskan hukuman mati mandatori bagi 11 kesalahan di bawah Kanun Keseksaan dan Akta Senjata Api (Penalti Lebih Berat) 1971 seterusnya memacu ke arah penghapusan keseluruhan hukuman mati di negara ini. Pesuruhjaya SUHAKAM, Dato’ Mah Weng Kwai dilantik sebagai ahli jawatankuasa khas untuk mengkaji dan membuat cadangan kepada menteri mengenai hukuman alternatif kepada hukuman mati dan langkah-langkah peralihan untuk banduan hukuman mati semasa. Susulan itu satu konsultasi diadakan pada bulan Oktober untuk mendapatkan pandangan daripada pihak berkepentingan dan mengemukakan penemuan tersebut kepada Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Undang-undang).

SUHAKAM receives an annual grant from the government under the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act 1999. Financial limitations with regard to staffing and programmes prevent SUHAKAM from undertaking or delving into a broader range of human rights issues. Taking into account the increasing demands in terms of delivering its four mandates, by and with the government, civil society and the public, there is an urgent need for the annual grant to increase in tandem.

In conclusion, SUHAKAM urges the Malaysian Government to commit to accepting more recommendations, particularly those related to the accession of the six remaining core human rights treaties and withdrawal of all reservations to the conventions which it has ratified. SUHAKAM reiterates its call to establish a Permanent Inter-Ministerial Tracking System for effective coordination on human rights issues.

Banyak pihak termasuk kementerian, ahli parlimen dan jawatankuasa parlimen, CSO, agensi PBB dan Pelapor Khas, pertubuhan antarabangsa, serta ASEAN melalui AICHR, telah meningkatkan keterlibatan bersama SUHAKAM dalam banyak bidang. Memandangkan skop isu hak asasi manusia yang luas, pertambahan penduduk yang semakin meningkat, ia menjurus kepada peningkatan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia. Oleh itu, SUHAKAM mengalu-alukan kerjasama dalam mencapai objektif yang sama.

SUHAKAM menggesa kerajaan, semua ahli politik dan parlimen untuk menggelakan penggunaan ‘hak asasi manusia’ sebagai alat untuk keuntungan politik, tetapi sebagai pendekatan dalam memperbaiki kesilapan, sebagai wacana untuk memperjuangkan sebuah masyarakat yang adil, dihormati, saksama dan mampan tanpa meminggirkan mana-mana pihak.

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Press Statement No. 3-2021_Amendments to the Syariah Courts (Criminal Jurisdiction) Act 1965 (Act 355)

KUALA LUMPUR (20 JANUARY 2021)   –   The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) is concerned over the recent news reports regarding the possibility for the Government to introduce heavier punishments on a specific group of people, particularly the lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender (LGBT) through amendments to the Syariah Courts (Criminal Jurisdiction) Act 1965 (Act 355).

Currently, Act 355 provides that Syariah courts are empowered to impose maximum sentences of imprisonment not exceeding three years, any fine not exceeding RM5,000, or with whipping not exceeding six strokes or with any combination thereof for offences under the Islamic law. 

With regard to the proposed heavier punishments under Act 355, SUHAKAM reiterates that all forms of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment including whipping are absolutely prohibited under international human rights standards, particularly the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Over the years, SUHAKAM has called for the repeal of corporal punishment in all laws, both civil and Syariah, to be in compliance with the international human rights standards. The imposition of the punishment of whipping on female offenders under the State Syariah Enactments violates the equality provision (Article 8) of the Federal Constitution since the federal Criminal Procedure Code exempts female offenders from the punishment of whipping for offences under federal law.

SUHAKAM stresses that all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, should have the same fundamental rights as enshrined in the Federal Constitution including their right to privacy and to live with dignity. SUHAKAM notes that the Government has responded in Parliament in November 2020 that the proposed amendments to Act 355 would be further discussed with the other States in early 2021. In this regard, SUHAKAM calls upon the Government to reconsider the proposal to amend Act 355 and ensure that it is in line with the international human rights standards. SUHAKAM further recommends that the Government adopt a more compassionate approach by respecting human rights for all through continuous dialogues and awareness raising programmes with the relevant stakeholders.


Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

20 January 2021

Media queries: Contact Mrs. Norashikin Hamzah at 03-2612 5687 / 019-621 5336 atau


KUALA LUMPUR (20 JANUARI 2021)   –   Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM) menzahirkan kebimbangan terhadap laporan berita baru-baru ini bahawa Kerajaan mungkin meminda Akta Mahkamah Syariah (Bidang Kuasa Jenayah) 1965 (Akta 355) bagi memperkenalkan hukuman yang lebih berat ke atas golongan tertentu terutamanya lesbian, gay, biseksual dan transgender (LGBT).

Buat masa ini, Akta 355 memperuntukkan bahawa Mahkamah Syariah mempunyai bidang kuasa untuk mengenakan hukuman maksimum penjara selama tempoh tidak melebihi tiga tahun, denda tidak melebihi RM5,000, atau sebatan  tidak melebihi enam sebatan atau apa-apa gabungan hukuman tersebut bagi kesalahan-kesalahan di bawah hukum syarak.

Berhubung dengan cadangan hukuman lebih berat di bawah Akta 355, SUHAKAM menekankan bahawa segala bentuk penyeksaan dan layanan atau hukuman lain yang zalim, tidak berperikemanusiaan dan menjatuhkan maruah termasuk sebatan adalah dilarang sama sekali di bawah piawaian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa terutamanya Perisytiharan Hak Asasi Manusia Sejagat (UDHR). Selama ini, SUHAKAM menyeru kepada pemansuhan hukuman sebatan dalam semua undang-undang Sivil dan Syariah agar ianya selaras dengan piawaian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa. Pengenaan hukuman sebatan terhadap pesalah wanita di bawah Enakmen Syariah Negeri adalah bertentangan dengan peruntukan kesamarataan dalam (Perkara 8) Perlembagaan Persekutuan memandangkan Kanun Prosedur Jenayah persekutuan mengecualikan pesalah wanita daripada hukuman sebatan bagi kesalahan di bawah undang-undang persekutuan. 

 SUHAKAM menekankan bahawa setiap individu, tanpa mengira orientasi seks atau identiti gender mereka, seharusnya mendapat hak asasi yang sama sepertimana yang termaktub di bawah Perlembagaan Persekutuan termasuk hak privasi dan hak kepada kehidupan yang bermaruah. SUHAKAM mengambil maklum bahawa Kerajaan telah memberi maklum balas di Parlimen pada November 2020 bahawa cadangan pindaan ke atas Akta 355 akan dibincangkan dengan lebih lanjut bersama negeri-negeri lain pada awal tahun 2021. Sehubungan itu, SUHAKAM menyeru Kerajaan untuk mempertimbangkan semula cadangan pindaan Akta 355 dan memastikan agar ia selaras dengan piawaian hak asasi manusia antarabangsa. SUHAKAM turut mencadangkan agar Kerajaan mengguna pakai pendekatan yang lebih prihatin dengan menghormati prinsip hak asasi manusia untuk semua termasuk melalui sesi dialog yang berterusan dan program kesedaran bersama pihak berkepentingan.


Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM)

20 Januari 2021

Pertanyaan Media: Sila hubungi Pn. Norashikin Hamzah melalui 03-2612 5687 / 019-621 5336 atau






Ahmad Zaidi bin Baharuddin : 019-333 8490     

Abdul Rahman bin Abdullah : 012-239 2307

SUHAKAM Sabah Mobile (ADUAN) : 019-324 5650

SUHAKAM Sarawak Mobile (ADUAN) : 019-334 5650


Suhakam has no legal power to probe custodial deaths, says NGO

PETALING JAYA: The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) should stop inquiring into custodial deaths as the matter does not come under its purview, a non-governmental organisation says.

Eliminating Deaths and Abuse in Custody Together (EDICT) chairman M Visvanathan said Suhakam was set up pursuant to a law passed by Parliament for the purpose of protecting and promoting human rights in Malaysia.

“It can only hold inquiries on complaints of human rights infringements at its own initiative or on complaints lodged by the aggrieved persons,” he said.

For example, he said, Suhakam could investigate if an unhealthy detainee died because no timely medical assistance was provided.

He said Section 12(2) of the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act states that the commission shall not inquire into any complaint when a matter was before a judicial inquiry.

Further, he said, investigations into custodial deaths were solely within the purview and functions of the coroner’s court under the Criminal Procedure Code.

Visvanathan, who is a lawyer, said this in response to Suhakam’s findings released yesterday into several issues involving deaths in police lock-ups and detention centres.

In the case of G Jestus Kevin, who was found dead in a Bentong police station lock-up last year, the report said the victim succumbed to meningoencephalitis (brain inflammation) with multiple blunt force trauma.

Kevin, 30, was nabbed on April 2 for alleged theft and was found dead on April 5.

Suhakam said the medical report showed that he suffered many injuries, including a broken rib.

“A fellow inmate had testified that the deceased was tied with a blanket and beaten by other inmates and a police officer. This has also been confirmed through CCTV footage of the lock-up,” Suhakam commissioner Jerald Joseph said at a online press conference.

Visvanathan, who is representing Kevin’s family in an ongoing inquest in Kuantan, said he has also sent a letter to Suhakam.

He said only a coroner, after a court inquiry, could determine why, when and under what circumstances a detainee died in a police lock-up, prison or a mental asylum.

“The inquest finding is subject to review by the High Court and the victim’s family can also rely on the coroner’s verdict to sue the government for negligence,” he said, adding that Suhakam’s report had no legal effect.

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